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Pregnancy Stages



Stages and Features of Menstruation


<!--<h1>Stages and Features of Menstruation</h1>--> <strong>Onset of Menstruation (Menarche)</strong> <br><br> Previous evidence had set the onset of menstruation, called the menarche, at an average of age 12 or 13. <br> Evidence is pointing to the increasing incidence of childhood obesity as a major cause of the trend in earlier menarche onset. Obesity is also highly associated with hormonal disorders in girls entering puberty at young ages.<br> Environmental estrogens found in chemicals and pesticides are also suspects.<br><br> <strong>Length of Monthly Cycle </strong><br><br> The menstrual cycle can be very irregular for the first one or two years, usually being longer than the average of 28 days. The length then generally stabilizes to an average of 28 days, although the cycle length may range from 20 to 45 days and still be considered normal. A variation of 10 days or more""either more or fewer days""may have an impact on fertility, however. When a woman reaches her 40s the cycle lengthens, reaching an average of 31 days by age 49. A number of factors can affect cycle length at any age.<br><br> <strong>Risk Factors for Shorter Cycles </strong> <ul> <li>Regular alcohol use.</li> <li>Stressful jobs.</li> </ul> <strong>Risk Factors for Longer Cycles </strong> <ul> <li>Being under 21 and over 44.</li> <li>Being very thin (also at risk for short bleeding periods).</li> <li>Competitive athletics (also at risk for short bleeding periods).</li> </ul> <strong>Length of Periods </strong><br> Periods average 6.6 days in young girls. By the age of 21, menstrual bleeding averages six days until women approach menopause. It should be noted, however, that about 5% of healthy women menstruate less than four days and 5% menstruate more than eight days.<br><br> <strong>Normal Absence of Menstruation </strong><br> Normal absence of periods can occur in any woman under the following circumstances:<br> <ul> <li>Menstruation stops during the duration of pregnancy. Some women continue to have irregular bleeding during the first trimester. This bleeding may indicate a threatened miscarriage and requires immediate attention by the physician.</li> <li>When women breastfeed they are unlikely to ovulate. After that time, menstruation usually resumes and they are fertile again.</li> <li>Perimenopause starts when the intervals between periods begin to lengthen, and it ends with menopause itself. Menopause usually occurs at about age 51, although smokers often go through menopause earlier.</li> </ul>


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