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Vital signs resuscitation



Basic Life Support (BLS)


  1. Establish unresponsiveness. Shake the person. “Are you okay?” If no response,
  2. Activate EMS system, or if in hospital call for appropriate help.
  3. AIRWAY.Open airway using jaw thrust or chin lift. If trauma suspected, stabilize neck, use jaw thrust.
  4. BREATHING. Look, listen and feel for breathing. If inadequate or no breathing, 2 slow breaths mouth to mouth (nose closed), or use pocket mask or bag-valve mask, 12 breaths per minute.
  5. CIRCULATION. If breathing, airway support as above. If no breathing (or no pulse by healthcare provider), begin chest compressions lower sternum, heel of hand (other hand on top), 2 inches deep, 100 per minute. 15 compressions and 2 ventilations for 1 or 2 rescuers (compression/ventilation ratio 15:2.


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