Health Centers
 loading...
if not loaded., try Site map to view all
 
 
 
 
bookmark | print this page | mail to friend | site map | help

Blood Pressure

FONT SIZE

T T T

Anaphylactic Shock

 

Anaphylaxis, or anaphylactic shock, is a severe allergic reaction. Common allergens are penicillin and bee/wasp venom.
Mediators (i.e., histamine, leukotrienes, prostaglandins) are released from mast cells. Flushing and an itchy skin, a red rash (urticaria), shortness of breath and hypotension are present.
Sometimes swelling of the tongue, pharynx and larynx (laryngeal edema) and wheezing (bronchospasm) occur.

Treatment :

1. Immediate intravenous normal saline is begun to raise the blood pressure;
2. High flow oxygen by mask is monitored by pulse oximetry;
3. Epinephrine 0.4 cc subq (peds: 0.01 cc/kg) (1:1000), or for severe shock 1 to 10 cc (1:10,000) slow IV push;
4. An antihistamine such as diphenhydramine 50 mg IV (peds: 1 mg/kg) is given;
5. Methylprednisolone 125 mg IV (peds: 1 mg/kg)is administered;
6. A histamine receptor blocker such as ranitidine 50 mg IV (peds: 0.5 mg/kg) is given over 5 min, and
7. A nebulized beta-agonist (i.e., albuterol) is administered for bronchospasm.

 


 
Your feedback?




 
 

Rate this page?
Good Average Poor



Rating accepted

Thanks for your note! Suggestion if any, will be taken up by the editor squad on a prority. We appreciate your gesture.
Hecapedia squad
Improve hecapedia - Join the squad


 
 
Nothing on this web site, in any way to be viewed as medical advice. All contents should be viewed as general information only.
All health care decisions should only be made with consultation from your physician.

About us | Link to us | Contact us | Associates | Media Center | Business services | Feedback | Report Bugs | Sitemap | Help
privacy policy | disclaimer | terms and conditions | accessibility | anti-spam policy
© 2006 hecapedia