Time for rest and leisure
For worker’s safety, health and well-being, the provision of a sufficient number of rest periods and breaks is essential.
The rest periods can include
1. Short breaks during working hours.
2. Longer breaks for meals.
3. Daily or nightly rest.
4. Weekly rest.
Short breaks during working hours are necessary to prevent fatigue. They are particularly important in jobs requiring fast machine-paced work or continued vigilance. Meal breaks should always be provided. They are often regulated by law. A meal break of 30 minutes or more is usually indispensable in a working day of eight hours.
Daily or nightly rest needs to be long enough to secure sufficient sleep and suitable leisure and family life activities. The limitation of daily hours of work provides a minimum period of rest. In the case of irregular working time or shift work, precautions are particularly necessary to secure daily or nightly rest.
Weekly rest is fundamental to the health and well-being of workers. The minimum amount of weekly rest is 24 consecutive hours in any seven-day period. The widespread adoption of the five-day week has made two weekly rest days common in a number of countries.
The particular problems of weekly rest are the weekly rest day does not always coincide with the customary rest day and the working seven days a week is still commonly seen in poorly regulated sectors.
Holidays and leave
In most countries, entitlement to annual holidays with pay is provided by law. The minimum length of paid holidays laid down by national laws differs among countries. A general rule is that of prescribing holidays of at least three working weeks for one year of service. It is a common practice to grant longer holidays to workers long service or those working under particularly stressful or hazardous condition.
In addition, all countries observe certain days as public holidays which usually religious, historical or cultural significant.
Other forms of leave are often related to the culture and way of life in each country. They include casual leave, compassionate leave, educational leave, etc. Periods of absence due to illness or injury should not in principle be counted as part of annual holidays. In many countries,’” is covered by the social security system, but there are some countries where sick leaven also be granted by the employer.
Educational leave taken after some y service to acquire knowledge and skills is al becoming important.
Weekly rest is essential and of the greatest importance in terms of both physical and mental recovery. Time spent with the family also has an indirect effect on the pleasure taken in work and on work performance.