Any infection located anywhere from the stomach to the large intestine leads to vomiting. Rarely it is caused by bacterial infection that would benefit from medical treatment. In most cases, an stomach upset is a simple virus that will disappear by itself in a few days.
Sometimes, vomiting may be the body’s reaction to eating spoiled food. It can also be the drug’s side effect or too much drinking alcohol. Tension, nervousness and emotional stress also leads to stomach upset. It is very important to prevent dehydration while recovering from vomiting.
Take care of the following signs of fluid depletion
- Less than normal urination . That is, in children, more than 8 hours without urinating for children under 1 year old; more than 12 hours without urinating for children 1 year and older.
- Strong smelling and unusually dark yellow urine.
- Dry mouth.
- Dizziness or disorientation.
- In an infant, a sunken soft spot (fontanel) on the top of the head.
There are also sensible and safe home remedies that can satisfy your body’s need for fluids and provide relief. Although over-the-counter drugs may make you more comfortable, they won’t speed your recovery, and you will get well without them.
Signs and Symptoms
Vomiting – Self care steps
- Vomiting blood or a substance that looks like coffee grounds.
- Temperature at a level you believe to be a fever.
- Possibly pregnant.
- Listless, less-than-normal activity level.
- Early signs of dehydration.
- Severe, constant stomach and abdominal pain.
- Yellowish look to the skin or the whites of the eyes and vomiting or diarrhea, dark brown urine, and light stools.
- Person has diabetes.
- Possible motion sickness.
- After eating too much.
- After drinking too much alcohol.
- Possibly stress or tension related.
Let your stomach rest. Adults should eat nothing for several hours and gradually add liquids as the nausea stops.
Stay on clear liquids for the first full day. Try water, cracked ice, bouillon, gelatin, chicken soup, popsicles or flat nondiet soda, sipping a little at a time during the day.
Add bland foods on the second day. Choose unbuttered toast, soup, dry crackers, or dry cereals without milk. Eat these foods in small amounts as comfortably tolerated.
Avoid milk and dairy products. They may prolong the illness. Cigarettes, caffeine, and alcohol should be avoided also.
Get plenty of rest.
Concern for children and elders
Because dehydration is especially serious for young children and seniors, limit fluids for the first 2 hours only. Then, begin offering fluids by the teaspoon, gradually increasing the amount. For some children, fruit juices can make symptoms worse. Limit or dilute juices if symptoms persist.
When a child younger than 2 years of age keeps vomiting for more than 8 hours or has diarrhea (more than five runny stools a day) for more than 2 days, seek medical advice.