Sunburn is caused by the overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun.
The symptoms of first degree burn includes redness, sensitivity, and pain.
If you have a sunburn, stay out of the sun until the skin recovers.
Long exposure can lead to the swelling and blistering of a second- degree burn.
Sunburn can be prevented by avoiding too much sun, particularly between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. and in midsummer.
Sunscreens and sun-blocking lotions protect by filtering out the UV rays that cause sunburn.
The higher the sun protection factor (SPF), the greater the protection against sunburn.
A sunscreen of at least SPF 15 is recommended even during winter months.
You should apply sunscreen daily to all exposed skin areas before going outside. This is especially important for children.
Sunburn is uncomfortable, usually for 24 to 48 hours.
Frequent overexposure to the sun can cause long-term damage to the skin.
Some drugs can make you more sun-sensitive, causing you to burn with little exposure to the sun.
Before starting a drug, ask your medical provider or pharmacist about the possible reactions to sunlight.
Drugs that react to sunlight include tetracycline and sulfa antibiotics.
The best treatment for sunburn is to soak the affected area in cold water (not ice water) or apply cold Compresses for 15 minutes. This will reduce swelling and provide quick pain relief. Do not apply greasy lotions such as baby oil or ointment to sun burned areas. They can make the burn worse by sealing in the heat.
Adults who do not have stomach problems or a history of allergy to aspirin products can take aspirin to reduce the inflammation. Do not give aspirin to children or adolescents.
If sunburn affects large areas of your body, soak in a cool bath. A half cup of cornstarch, oatmeal, or baking soda in the bath will help reduce inflammation and soothe sunburned skin.
Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration when you have a sunburn.
The sunís rays are more intense at higher altitudes nearer the equator, and on the water and in the snow. Zinc oxide products block all the sunís rays and are good for the nose and lips.
For the most protection from sunburn, apply sunscreen 45 minutes before exposure to sunlight. Reapply sunscreen often during extended exposure. Apply to dry skin after swimming or strenuous activities that cause heavy perspiration.
The Signs that needs special Care
- Severe blistering.
- Sunburn and purple blotches or skin discoloration.
- Dizziness while standing.
- Nausea, vomiting, or fever.
- Blistering, painful sunburn.