Headaches are one of the most common health complaints. They have many different causes including tension, infection, injury, and changes in the flow of blood within the head.
Most headaches occur when the muscles of the head or neck become tense and contract.
Nearly 90 percent of all headaches are caused by tension or stress and can be controlled.
Tension headaches are often caused by the tightening of muscles of the back and shoulders in reaction to emotional and physical stress. A tension headache may occur as pain all over the head, as a feeling of pressure, or as a band around the head.
Tension headaches are believed to be the most common cause of head pain. Although they may be Caused by poor posture or working in awkward conditions, the most common triggers are stress, anxiety, and depression. Tension headaches that occur two or more times weekly for several months or longer are considered chronic, and you should consult the doctor.
The symptoms of a tension headache can include
Steady pain that does not Pulse.
A tightness, fullness, or pressure over the top of the head or back of the neck.
Occasional nausea or vomiting Home treatment of tension headache.
Home treatment is often successful. Aspirin or acetaminophen can be used to relieve the pain.
Taking a hot or cold shower, massaging the neck muscles, or lying down in a dark room may provide relief.
Learning to relax using biofeedback, meditation, music, visualisation, hypnosis, or taking a stress management class may also be helpful.
Migraine headaches have very specific symptoms. The pain of a migraine headache is caused by the increased dilation or widening of the blood vessels in the head. These headaches occur suddenly and often recur.
The person may become nauseated, migraines are sometimes called sick headaches. Often the affected person of a migraine will see bright spots, flashes of light, or areas of blindness just before the headache strikes. These symptoms are called an aura.
Some people have great bursts of energy and activity just before a migraine starts. A mild migraine headache may pass quickly if you go immediately to a darkened room and lie down,.Place a cool, damp cloth on your forehead. Relax your entire body, focusing on the eyes, the forehead, the jaw and neck muscles, and working down to the toes.
Symptoms of migraine headache include
Pain more often on one side of the head.
An aura, or preheadache phase, that can include flashes of light, bright spots, distorted vision, abdominal pain, and nausea.
Self care for headaches
Lifestyle can play an important role with headaches. Eating and sleeping habits, stress and exercise can all be factors in triggering occasional and more frequent headaches.
Generally, over-the-counter pain relievers such as aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen can control a headache. Children and teenagers should not use aspirin.
Regularly doing stretching exercises for tense neck muscles can help avoid recurring headaches.
Have a friend massage your neck and Shoulders to release tension.
Lie down with a cool cloth over your forehead to relieve the pain of a headache.
If your headache is due to nasal congestion, take an decongestant to relieve pressure in the sinuses.
For relief from a migraine headache, try to lie down in a darkroom with your eyes closed and listen to soothing music.
Possible triggers of migraine headache include hunger, fatigue, bright light, alcohol, caffeine, excitement or stress, birth control pills, and certain foods. Most migraine headaches require professional diagnosis and treatment.
Signs and Symptoms that needs care
New mental confusion.
Weakness, numbness, or tingling in arms or legs .
New vision changes.
Symptoms not typical of your usual headache .
Fever with headache.
Headache does not go away after 6 hours of self-care.
Occasional headaches, causing minor discomfort