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Self Care



Head Injuries


Traffic or work accidents, falls, and fights can cause head injuries. Fortunately, most head injuries are minor.

A concussion is a brief loss of consciousness due to a blow to the head.

The most common symptom is a constant headache that may get worse, sometimes accompanied by vomiting.

Other symptoms can include blurred vision, sleepiness, and memory problems. Athletes who have had a head injury should not return to their sport without a medical evaluation.

People taking anticoagulants (drugs to prevent blood clotting) need to take special precautions to prevent falls because they could bleed more easily from a blow to the head.

Immeditely consult the doctor, if a head injury results in loss of consciousness, breathing difficulty, or a neck injury. Every person with a head injury that isnít bleeding should be watched for 24 hours for symptoms.

In the absence of nausea, vomiting, or other symptoms, careful observation is the best way to monitor a head injury.

Self care

  • If the head is bleeding, apply pressure to control bleeding.
  • Clean the wound and bandage it if possible. Apply an ice bag for swelling.
  • Check to see if the individualís pupils are equal in size.
  • Check skin color every few hours. Wake a child every 2 hours to observe breathing and to be assured of      consciousness. Wake an adult every few hours to check breathing and level of consciousness.
  • Question the person about name, age, and address to check his or her level of confusion.
  • Limit activity for 24 hours after the injury, if possible.

  • Accident Prevention :


  • Wear a helmet when riding bikes, horses, or motorcycles.
  • Use seat belts in automobiles.
  • Wear hard hats at industrial sites.
  • Never dive into shallow water.

  • Children

  • Childproof your home.
  • Be very careful when picking up and carrying infants.
  • Do not use baby walkers and never leave infants alone on beds, changing tables, or other high places.
  • Supervise outside play.
  • Teach safety in crossing streets.
  • Use seat belts and car safety seats in vehicles.
  • Signs and Symptoms that need immediate care:
  • Bleeding from the scalp lasts longer than10 minutes with pressure.
  • Person loses consciousness.
  • Seizures occur.
  • Person has difficulty walking or talking normally.
  • Vomiting persists.
  • Person has blurred vision or unequal pupils.
  • Person has severe headache or neck pain.
  • Breathing is difficult.
  • Bloody drainage occurs from the personís nostrils or ears.
  • Severe swelling around area of injury within 2 hours.


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