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Self Care

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Chicken Pox

 

Chicken pox is one among the mild disease of childhood.

Early symptoms of chicken pox are cold symptoms fever, abdominal pain, headache, and a general feeling of illness. These can come with the rash or before it by a day or two. The fever may pier the first few days after the rash appears.

The rash appears as small, itchy, red bumps and spots on the face, scalp, shoulders, chest, and back. It is also normal for it to appear inside the mouth, on lids, and in the genital area. Some people may have just a few bumps, while others are covered with them.

The early bumps are usually flat, red marks with a central clear blister. The blisters quickly break open and become dry crusts or scabs, which fall off within 2 weeks. New sores will continue to appear for the first 4 to 5 days, so all stages of the rash may be present at the same time.

Chicken pox is usually spread by breathing in droplets coughed, sneezed, or breathed out by an infected person. Between exposure to the disease and the appearance of symptoms, there is an incubation period of 10 to 21 days. Usually a person develops the symptoms 14 to 16 days after exposure.

A child can spread the disease to others before he or she even has any symptoms of chicken pox. The contagious period begins about 2 days before the rash appears and Continues until new sores stop appearing. Once all the sores have turned to scabs, the contagious period is over.

Chicken pox may leave permanent scars, especially in teenagers and young adults.

Temporary marks may remain for 6 months to a year before fading away.

Self Care :

Releive the itching :

Scratching the scales off chicken pox can lead to more itching and/or infection.

The following steps can reduce the urge to scratch :
Give your child cool baths every 3 to 4 hours.

Add baking soda (about a half cup) to tub water to itchiness.

Give acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tempra, or a generic) if Symptoms are very bothersome. Do not give aspirin to children or adolescents.

Keep your child’s fingernails trimmed short.

Have your child Wear Clean, cotton gloves to reduce the danger of scratching.

Apply calamine lotion and/or hydrocortisone products to itchy areas.

To mange the other symptoms :

Drink plenty of cold fluids.

To reduce fever, give acetaminophen. Do not give aspirin to children or adolescents.

For mouth ulcers, feed your child a soft, bland diet. Avoid salty foods and citrus fruits and juices.

For painful or itchy pox in the genital area, apply petroleum-based ointment or an over-the-counter local anesthetic.

If a sore seems to be infected (is warm, red, or tender), wash with antibacterial soap and apply antibacterial ointment.

Keep your child cool and quiet, however, he or she does not need to stay in bed.

Preventive Steps :

Avoid your child to have contact with others during the contagious period, until all sores have turned to scabs.

Anyone with chicken pox should not be at work, school, or day care while contagious.

It is nearly impossible to prevent the spread of chicken pox within a household.

Some studies find that nine times out of ten, siblings of a chicken pox patient will get the disease.

Signs and Symptoms that needs care :

Blistery, red rash and confusion, delirium, forgetfulness, or other mental changes.

Child is hard to awaken, very tired.

Stiff neck and very bad headache, difficulty breathing.

Lymph nodes become larger or more painful to the touch.

Itching does not respond to treatment, lasts longer than 2 weeks.

Pain with urination.

Suspicion that several sores are infected (swelling, increased redness and pus draining from sore).

Sore in or near the eye, causing redness, drainage, pain, or changes in eyesight.

 


 
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