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Self Care

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Birth Marks

 

Birthmarks are skin markings that appear at birth or shortly thereafter, however they are not a sign that the baby is sick.

Most birthmarks disappear or become less obvious before the child is 2 years old. Although the vast majority of birthmarks require no treatment, there are a variety of medical procedures that can be used to remove birthmarks that do not go away as the child gets older.

Milia : These small white bumps on a newborn’s face resemble whiteheads. They are harmless and disappear without treatment.

Stork Bites : Also called “salmon patches,”. These are flat, light pink spots appear on up to 50 percent of newborn babies. They are found most frequently on the eyelids, upper lip, between the eyebrows, or on the back of the neck. These marks become more prominent during bouts of crying or when the baby’s body temperature changes. Stork bites on the face usually fade over time, while ones found on the back of the neck may last but become less noticeable as the child’s hair grows.

Hemangiomas : Harmless, bright red raised marks are really a cluster of blood vessels close to the surface of the skin. It is not known what causes them. Strawberry hemangiomas, which usually appear o scalp, back, or chest, are more common in girls. They are seldom preset appearing sometime within first 2 months of the child’s life, and do not require treatment.

Port Wine Stains : These flat hemangiomas consisting of dilated blood vessels are permanent marks. They occur primarily on the face.There are a number of treatments to lighten or permanently remove birthmark.

Mongolian Spots : These harmless gray-blue common to children of American, Hispanic, Asian, American ancestry. They most frequently appear on the back or buttocks fade before the child is 7 years.

Signs and Symptoms that needs care :

Signs of infection (redness, swelling, or pus) develop on or around the birthmark with or without a fever.
Bleeding from the birthmark.

Self Care :

  • Keep the birthmark area clean and dry; no other care is necessary.
  • Avoid using harsh soaps.
  • If the birthmark is permanent and you are considering having it removed, consult the doctor.
  • Call the advice nurse if you notice changes in the appearance of the birthmark such as bleeding or discharge from     the area.

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