If you tend to get lightheaded when you stand up, avoid sudden changes in posture.
If you are thirsty or lightheaded, drink fluids. If you are unable to keep fluids down from nausea or vomiting, you may need intravenous fluids.
Most times, benign positional vertigo and labyrinthitis go away on their own within a few weeks. During attacks of vertigo from any cause, try to rest and lie still. Avoid sudden changes in your position as well as bright lights. Be cautious about driving or using machinery.
Some vertigo can be reduced by working with a physical therapist. Medications from your doctor may help you feel better.
Such medications include antihistamines, sedatives, or pills for nausea. For Meniere's disease, surgery may be necessary.
Call your doctor if:
A head injury
Fever over 101°F, headache, or very stiff neck
Convulsions or ongoing vomiting
Chest pain, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, weakness, inability to move an arm or leg, or change in vision or speech
Fainting and losing consciousness for more than a few minutes
You have never had dizziness before.
Symptoms you have had in the past are different (for example, last longer than usual, are worse than before, or are interfering with your daily activities).
Medication is the suspected cause. Talk to your health care provider before making any changes to your medication.
You have any hearing loss.