Benefits of Drinking Water
Two-thirds of your body is composed of water, making it your body's most vital nutrient.
Why you need Water
- Provides a valuable source of minerals, like calcium and magnesium.
- Helps digest food and absorb nutrients into the body.
- Carries nutrients to organs via the bloodstream.
- Moistens mucous membranes and lubricates the joints.
- Carries away bodily waste products.
- Cools the body through perspiration.
Many people underestimate their need for water. The average adult should drink six to eight 8-ounce glasses of water (or its equivalent) a day.
Need of water
The body is made up of 55–75 per cent water. Water forms the basis of blood, digestive juices, urine and perspiration and is contained in lean muscle, fat and bones. As the body can’t store water, we need fresh supplies every day to make up for losses from lungs, skin, urine and faeces. The amount we need depends on our metabolism, the weather, the food we eat and our activity levels.
Dentists recommend fluoridated water for reduction of tooth decay. If community water is not naturally fluoridated, fluoride may be added. Fluoride concentration of one part per million (1 ppm) is considered safe while helping to increase the hardness of tooth and bone tissue. In some areas, natural waters are known to contain too much fluoride which can result in permanently discolored and mottled teeth.
Why your body needs more water
Dehydration occurs when the water content of the body is too low. This is easily fixed by increasing fluid intake. Symptoms of dehydration include headaches, lethargy, mood changes and slow responses, dry nasal passages, dry or cracked lips, dark-coloured urine, weakness, tiredness, confusion and hallucinations. Eventually urination stops, the kidneys fail and the body can’t remove toxic waste products. In extreme cases, this may result in death.
Causes of dehydration include:
- Increased sweating due to hot weather, humidity, exercise or fever.
- Not drinking enough water.
- Insufficient signalling mechanisms in the elderly; sometimes they do not feel thirsty even though they may
- be dehydrated.
- Increased output of urine due to a hormone deficiency, diabetes, kidney disease or medications.
- Diarrhoea or vomiting.
- Recovering from burns.
If you regularly don’t drink enough water there is some increased risk of kidney stones and, in women, urinary tract infections. There is also limited evidence to suggest an increased risk for some cancers including bladder cancer and colon cancer. It can also lower your physical and mental performance and salivary gland function.
People who need more water in their diet include those who:
- Are on a high protein diet
- Are on a high fibre diet, as fluids help prevent constipation
- Are children
- Have an illness that causes vomiting or diarrhoea
- Are physically active
- Are exposed to warm or hot conditions.
Athletes should drink 500ml of water two hours before an event, and then 300–500ml every 30 minutes during the event. For smaller athletes exercising in mild conditions, less fluid may be needed. Well-trained athletes competing at high intensity in warm conditions may need more fluid.
Many people believe that drinking water causes fluid retention. In fact, the opposite is true. Drinking water helps the body rid itself of excess sodium, which results in less fluid retention. The body will retain fluid if there is too little water in the cells. If the body receives enough water on a regular basis, there will be no need for it to conserve water and this will reduce fluid retention.
Recommended daily fluids
Approximately six to eight glasses (at least 150ml each) of a variety of fluids can be consumed each day. More than eight glasses may be needed for physically active people, children, people in hot or humid environments, and breastfeeding women (who need an extra 750–1,000ml per day). Less water may be needed for sedentary people, older people, people in a cold environment or people who eat a lot of high water content foods.
Sources of fluid
Fluids include fresh water and all other liquids like juice, soft drinks, coffee, tea, milk and soup. Fresh water is the best drink because it does not contain kilojoules and has fluoride that is good for the teeth. Milk is important (especially for children) and tea can be a source of antioxidants, which appear to protect against heart disease and cancer. Fresh fruit is preferable to fruit juice because it has more fibre and nutrients and less sugar; sweet drinks should be limited because they add calories without nutrient value.
How do I experiment, am I drinking enough
- Cool water between 40-50°F is best.
- Plain water is best. Sugar and electrolytes in fluids may slow emptying from the stomach.
- Don't depend on thirst. Drink ahead of your thirst.
- Drink water before a sporting or activity event. Two cups of water about two hours before an event is about right. Follow this with one cup of water about 15 minutes before the event.
- Sip water during an event (1/3 to 3/4 cup every 10-20 minutes). The body cannot absorb more than about one cup every 20 minutes.
- Weigh before and after a sporting event or heavy workout. After the event replace two cups water for every one pound lost.
To see if you're drinking enough fluid, check your urine. A small volume of dark-colored urine indicates that you aren't consuming enough fluid. Besides feeling thirsty, this is your signal to drink more. Almost clear urine means you're drinking enough. (Note: If you are taking vitamins, your urine may be a bright yellow.)
: If you always seem thirsty or urinate too much, talk to your health care provider. This may be a sign of diabetes. On the other hand, water retention, for reasons other than premenstrual syndrome, may suggest kidney or a liver problem.
What happens if I am drinking too much
Drinking too much water can also damage the body and cause hyponatremia. This is when sodium in the blood drops to a dangerously low level. Sodium is needed in muscle contraction and for sending nerve impulses. If too much water is consumed, the kidneys cannot excrete enough fluid. Water intoxication can lead to headaches, blurred vision, cramps (and eventually convulsions), swelling of the brain, coma and possibly death.
For water to reach toxic levels, you would have to consume many litres a day. Water intoxication is most common in people with particular diseases or mental illnesses (for example, in some cases of schizophrenia) and in infants who are fed infant formula that is too diluted.
Some facts about our internal water supply:
Chlorine Can Do More Harm Than Good
- Body water is higher in men than in women and falls in both with age.
- Most mature adults lose about 2.5–3 litres of water per day. Water loss may be more in hot weather and with prolonged exercise.
- Elderly people lose about two litres per day.
- An air traveller can lose approximately 1.5 litres of water during a three-hour flight.
Water loss needs to be replaced.
- Foods provide about one litre of fluid and the remainder must be obtained from drinks.
We've known for over 25 years now that chlorine has direct links to some very serious health problems. Chlorinated water contains cancer-causing compounds called trihalomethanes. Studies by the National Cancer Institute have shown that drinking chlorinated water can double your risk of developing bladder cancer. Other studies have linked it to increased rates of colon and rectal cancer.
Water treated with chlorine also destroys vitamin E stores in the body, leading to mitral valve problems and other heart problems. Many researchers now feel it may have a strong link to the development of clogging of the arteries
Water filter options
Activated carbon filters work best against pesticides and chlorine but will not remove most inorganic chemicals, lead or biological contaminants. For that reason they are usually paired with ceramic filters or ultraviolet light. Even with these additions, they still have their limitations.
For instance, if water hasn't been treated before going through a carbon filter, any bacteria in the water will be trapped inside the filter and further contaminate the water running through it. Even impregnating the filter with silver doesn't work because the water would have to remain in contact with the silver longer than it does. They also reach their absorption capacity and lose their effectiveness over time which makes it essential that these filters be changed regularly.
Ceramic filters work well to remove rust, dirt and parasites, but are not effective at removing organic pollutants or pesticides. That's why they are usually paired with carbon filters.
Ozone kills bacteria, viruses, algae and parasites quickly and very efficiently without producing any of the harmful by-products that chlorine leaves behind. It is a viable method for treating water in swimming pools and whirlpools but it does not remove heavy metals, minerals or pesticides. It dissipates almost instantly and has no residual purifying power. It is therefore not normally used to purify drinking water.
Ultraviolet (UV) Light
UV light is one of the few purification methods that kills most bacteria and viruses but does not remove heavy metals like lead, pesticides or other contaminants. For this reason it should be used in conjunction with other treatments.
Ion Exchange Systems
Ion exchange systems don't purify water. They soften it. This may prolong the life of your water heater, but it won't prolong your life.
Copper-Zinc (KDF) Systems
These systems work like a magnet. Some contaminants are drawn to the copper, others toward the zinc. Some chemical reactions take place which release ozone and other compounds that kill bacteria and other organisms. It effectively removes chlorine and heavy metals but not pesticides and organic contaminants. For this reason they usually pair with carbon filters to make up for the shortfall. This is a very effective system.
Reverse Osmosis (RO)
Under the right conditions, RO systems can remove anywhere from 90% to 98% of heavy metals, viruses, bacteria, organic and inorganic chemicals but they are not without serious drawbacks.
Since water is forced through a semi-permeable synthetic membrane, 3-8 gallons of water are wasted for every gallon of pure water produced. This wasted water containing concentrated contaminants goes down the drain leading many communities suffering from a lack of water to ban these systems.
These systems must be paired with anywhere from 1-3 carbon filters, and the water may need to be softened prior to running through the RO unit making them unattractive options for most situations.
This is the only system known that removes every kind of bacteria, virus, parasite, and pathogen, as well as pesticides, herbicides, organic and inorganic chemicals, heavy metals and radioactive contaminants. But even this system has its drawbacks.
Some organic chemicals, like by-products of chlorine, boil at lower temperatures than water and will rise to mix with the water vapor thus ending up in the drinking water. For this reason it is usually paired with a carbon filter. Most units have removable boiling chambers that need to be cleaned periodically. And it takes a little longer and uses more electricity than other systems. It also produced a lot of heat when operating.
But unlike other systems that gradually lose their effectiveness without warning, distillation continues to work flawlessly without wasting water.
In 1984, Patrick and his new wife Gael Crystal, succeeded in duplicating the anomalous properties of Hunza water. They patented their 33 step reproduction process for what they called Microcluster Technology and produced a product known as Crystal Energy which is a concentrate that when added to distilled water causes it to be very much like Hunza water. --Castleman AW. Jr. Proceedings National Meeting of the Chemical Society of Japan, Tokyo 1985.
They call their nanocolloidal minerals, Flanagan Microclusters. Flanagan Microclusters are powerful but tiny mineral clusters that energize virtually everything they contact. These ultra fine particles are about 5 nanometers in diameter. They are so small that 2,400,000 of them can be placed side by side on the head of a pin.
Crystal energy is a liquid that when added to another liquid, acts as a catalyst, reducing the surface tension of the liquid and making it a more efficient solvent and wetting agent. It is the solvent nature of water that enables it to perform its functions in the living system. Adding Crystal Energy to drinking water can make a profound improvement on the chemical reactions within the body, increasing nutrient absorption, improving digestion and the elimination of toxins.
Crystal Energy can be used in healthy beverages, in soups, and in any application that requires the use of water. Angel adds one drop of Crystal energy to every ounce of filtered water she drinks. She also puts it into boiling water for cooking. She once did a test on food store bought flowers by changing the water only once a week while adding a few drops of Crystal Energy each time. The flowers lasted almost a month and a half.
All things being equal, some pure water is better than others. Since water is such a vital part of our existence, it behooves us to use the right stuff if at all possible. Once you have a pure source of water, look up Energized Water on the Links page for one woman's interesting story on how to energize your drinking water without charge (pun intended) using static electricity.
The Counter Part
Effects of water pollution
Polluted water is dangerous to human health. Peo-
ple who drink polluted water become infected by
waterborne diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea or
Affects Vital Body Organs
Harmful chemicals in polluted water prevent the
proper working of vital body organs such as the
heart and kidney.
Causes Toxic Buildup in the Food Chain
Harmful chemicals such pesticides from agriculture
and heavy metals like lead and mercury from indus-
tries can build up in the food chain, where they
reach toxic levels in fish and other sea animals.
Kills Aquatic Life
Polluted water kills fish, shrimp other aquatic life and
coastal vegetation e.g. mangroves. This means
fewer fish to eat and the loss of livelihood for many.
Causes Algal Bloom
Wastes such as urea, animal manure, vegetable
peeling provide food for tiny plants called algae.
The more waste there is the more algae grows, this
is called algal bloom. Bacteria feed off rotting algae
and in the process use up the oxygen in the water.
Fish, crabs and shrimp then die because no oxygen
is left in the water for them.
When a lot of soil is washed away into rivers and
trenches this not only causes aquatic life to perish
but also floods, especially with heavy rainfall.
The oil from spills coats the feathers of birds
reducing their waterproofing and insulating qualities.
As a result birds die from exposure to cold water
Where do all these wastes come from to pollute the water?
Industries discharge wastes directly into water-
ways. As the waste builds up the water develops a foul
or bad odour. The build up of waste also causes the
amount of oxygen in the water to decrease leading to
the death of aquatic organisms.
They burn coal, oil and other fuels. This releases sulphur and nitrogen oxides into the air. These
gases react with the water in the atmosphere, forming
acids which return to the earth when it rains as acid
rain. As acid rain drains into rivers and other water-
ways fish, shellfish, algae and other aquatic life may die
or become drastically reduced in numbers.
On farms large amounts of fertilizers and pesticides
are applied. When it rains these chemicals along with
soil drain into nearby trenches, canals and rivers ad-
versely affecting aquatic life and human health.
Sometimes these chemicals seep deep into the soil
entering the ground water system while the sedi-
ments cause waterways to become cloudy and
Wastes generated within households are often disposed of in nearby drains. Garden chemicals, if not
properly stored, oil from cars and acid from batteries
can enter into nearby waterways. Most visible is the
rubbish especially plastic and glass that are dumped
in trenches and canals.
Households that rear animals on a small scale also
produce animal waste which when disposed of in
waterways has the same effect as fertilizers and raw
The Science of Water
The father of fluid dynamics, Dr. Henri Coanda, spent 60 years researching water. He found five places in the world that contained what he called anomalous water, where people age more slowly than the rest of the world and, in fact, remain healthy and disease-free well past 100 years old. There are documented cases in these areas of men fathering children after age 100. One such place is Hunza in the Karakoram Mountains of Northern Pakistan. So the anomalous water Dr. Coanda referred to became known as Hunza water. --Imats R. Scientific American 1966; June.
As a result of his studies, he was able to test water all over the Earth and could predict within five years the average age of death in any given locality just by testing the water. Dr. Coanda believed that water affects our health more than any other nutrient. Before he died, he passed on his wealth of knowledge to 17 year old, child prodigy, Patrick Flanagan who spent the next 30 years continuing Dr. Coanda's research for a total of 90 years on step one... getting to know water. --Moeser W. Life 1962, Sept; 69.
Dr. Flanagan discovered that water is composed of liquid crystals surrounded by large numbers of chaotically random molecules. Drinking water contains tiny, high energy particles suspended within the liquid called colloids. These colloids carry a positive electrical charge, resulting in other free water molecules becoming attracted to them and bonding with them to form the nuclei of liquid crystals. In short, even when we drink water at room temperature, it contains tiny colloidal mineral particles of ice.
Another important discovery Dr. Flanagan made was that some crystaline minerals reduce the surface tension of water simply by making contact with other crystalline particles. Surface tension can be described as the stickiness of water or the ability of a drop of water to maintain its shape.
They also discovered that the secret of Hunza water was a special type of nanocolloidal mineral found only in a few places on earth., mainly in high altitude glacier water. This particle is so small that even powerful microscopes can not detect it.