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Pesticides and Food



What are Pesticides


What are pesticides?

The definition of pesticide covers a range of substances used to control pests affecting subsistence or cash crops or human and animal health. Pesticides may be organic products, such as nicotine, or synthetic chemical products, such as paraquat.

Pesticides therefore include :

  • Weedkillers - also known as herbicides.
  • Insecticides or insect pest killers.
  • Fungicides - which kill fungi, including mould.
  • Acaricides -which kill spiders.
  • Nematocides -which kill round, thread or eel worms.
  • Rodenticides - which kill mice and rats.
  • Algicides - which kill algae.
  • Miticides - which kill mites.
  • Molluscicides -which kill snails and slugs.
  • Growth regulators - which stimulate or retard plant growth.
  • Defoliants - which remove plant leaves.
  • Desiccants - which speed plant drying.
  • Attractants - which attract insects e.g. pheromones.


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