1. When a seizure occurs, the main goal is to protect the person from injury. Try to prevent a fall. Lay the person on the ground in a safe area. Clear the area of furniture or other sharp objects.
2. Cushion the person's head.
3. Loosen tight clothing, especially around the person's neck.
4. Turn the person on his or her side. If vomiting occurs, this helps make sure that the vomit is not inhaled into the lungs.
5. Stay with the person until recovery or until you have professional medical help. Meanwhile, monitor the person's vital signs (pulse, rate of breathing).
In an infant or child, if the seizure occurs with a high fever, cool the child gradually with tepid water. You can give the child acetaminophen (Tylenol), especially if the child has had fever convulsions before. DO NOT immerse the child in a cold bath.
Do not restrain the person.
Do not place anything between the person's teeth during a seizure (including your fingers).
Do not move the person unless he or she is in danger or near something hazardous.
Do not try to make the person stop convulsing. He or she has no control over the seizure and is not aware of what is happening at the time.
Do not give the person anything by mouth until the convulsions have stopped and the person is fully awake and alert.