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Early sign and disorder identification



Healthy Baby


Healthy Baby

Shots Will Protect Your Baby From Many Diseases
Shots can protect your baby from these dangerous diseases and others:
  • Polio
  • Rubella
  • Whooping cough
  • Hepatitis B
  • Meningitis
  • Diphtheria
  • Mumps
  • Tetanus
  • Measles
  • Chicken Pox
These diseases can make your baby very ill. Many can cause brain damage or death.

Immunizations are also called:
  • Baby shots
  • Shots
  • Boosters
  • Vaccinations
  • Vaccines
Protect Your Child: Get Your Baby's Shots On Time, Every Time.
Keep your baby’s record card.
Your doctor or clinic will give you a record of your child’s shots.
  • Keep the Yellow Card updated until your child grows up.
  • Take it with you to doctor visits.
  • The doctor or nurse will write in the shots they gave.
  • The doctor or nurse will also mark when the shots are due.
Make Sure Your Baby Gets All The Shots He Or She Needs
  • Start your baby’s shots on time.
  • Make sure your child stays on schedule.
  • Read all the information you get about the shots.
    • If you have any questions or concerns about your baby’s shots, talk to your doctor.
      When your child gets a shot, you can help.

      Here's what you can do:
      • Stay calm yourself.
      • Talk in a soothing voice or sing.
      • Hold your child.
      • Bring a toy or blanket your child likes.
      • Let your child cry. It's OK for your child to cry when he or she is scared or hurt.
      Shots can sometimes make your child:
      • Have a fever.
      • Be cranky.
      • Have a sore arm or leg.
      • Ask your doctor or nurse about what to watch out for after your child gets a shot.
      Keep Your Child’s Teeth And Gums Healthy :

      Your child's teeth and gums are important.
      Teeth are needed for chewing, talking and smiling.
      Baby teeth need to stay healthy even though they will be lost. They hold space for straight and healthy permanent teeth.
      Tooth decay is a common problem, even for babies.

      If your child has tooth decay, your child may:
      • Cry for long hours.
      • Have painful toothaches.
      • Have a poor appetite and a hard time chewing.
      • Have trouble speaking.
      • Get black teeth.
      Make Sure Your Own Teeth And Mouth Are Healthy :
      Believe it or not, this is the first and best way to protect your child from tooth decay.

      Did you know that:
      • Your child can get cavities from the germs in your mouth.
      • You can spread these germs to your child with your saliva.
      These tips can help protect your teeth and your child’s teeth:
      • Get the dental care you need if you have cavities.
      • Never share your child's spoon and fork.
      • Don't chew your baby's food or taste the food before feeding the baby.
      • Clean your baby's pacifier with water, not by licking it.
      For Healthy Teeth, Feed Your Child Healthy Foods :

      Give your child a variety of foods from all the food groups.
      Offer your child healthy snacks like fruits, vegetables, cheese, yogurt and unsweetened cereal.
      Sweet foods like candies, cake, cookies, pastries, gelatin, donuts and baby desserts are OK once in a while, but not every day.
      When your child is thirsty, offer water.
      One small serving of juice every day is enough.
      Sweet drinks like soda and some cool drinks are OK once in a while, but not every day.
      Brush your child’s teeth after he or she eats foods that stick to the teeth, like crackers, peanut butter and soft bread.
      If foods with sugar remain on your baby’s teeth, tooth decay is more likely to occur.

      Protect Your Baby's Teeth From Birth To 1 Year Old :

      Most babies get their first teeth at around 6 months. But it's a good idea to protect your baby from the start.
      Here's how:
      • Breastfeed your baby.
      • Put your baby to sleep without a bottle.
      • Begin giving your baby a cup around 6 months of age.
      • Take care of your own teeth.
      • Visit the dentist yourself.
      Wipe or brush your baby's gums and teeth every day, especially after eating.
        li> Use a clean washcloth or a moist, soft child’s toothbrush.
      • Do not use toothpaste.
      Protect Your Baby's Teeth From Birth To 1 Year Old

      When your baby is 6 months old:
      • Let your baby drink from a cup.
      • Don’t let your baby use a bottle after 12 months.
      • Ask your doctor or dentist about fluoride to protect your baby’s teeth.
      Check your baby’s teeth and gums for early tooth decay:
      • Lay your baby’s head on your lap and lift the upper lip.
      • Look at the front and back of your baby’s teeth.
      • Look for white, brown or black spots on your baby’s teeth.
      • Check the gums for swelling, bleeding and pimples.
      • If you see any spots, take your baby to the dentist right away.
      Protect Your Baby’s Teeth From 1 To 2 Years Old:

      Here's how:
      • Stop bottle-feeding, use training cups.
      • Give your baby healthy snacks between meals, not sweet ones.
      • When your child is thirsty, offer water.
      • Clean your baby’s gums and teeth with a washcloth or soft toothbrush without toothpaste.
      • Check every week for early signs of tooth decay.
      • If you see any white, brown or black spots, take your child to the dentist right away.
      • Take your child to the dentist at least once a year.
      When Your Child Is 2 To 3 Years Old :

      Remember these helpful hints:
      • Brush your child’s teeth twice a day, especially before bedtime.
      • Ask your doctor or dentist about fluoride toothpaste when your child is about 2 years old.
      • Use a pea-sized amount of fluoride toothpaste.
      • Teach your child to spit out the toothpaste after brushing.
      • Don’t let your child swallow or eat toothpaste.
      • Start teaching your child to brush his or her teeth but remember you still need to help.
      • Take your child to the dentist at least once a year.
      Protect Your Child’s Teeth As He or She Grows Older :

      3 to 5 years:
      • Help your child brush twice a day, especially before bedtime, using fluoride toothpaste.
      • Floss his or her teeth every day.
      • Take your child to the dentist at least once a year.
      Protect your child’s teeth with fluoride:
      • Fluoride will help make your child’s teeth strong and prevent tooth decay.
      • Ask your doctor, dentist or clinic about giving your child fluoride drops or tablets if your water is not fluoridated.
      • Check with your local health department to find out if your tap water has fluoride in it.
      Secondhand Smoke Hurts You And Your Children:

      Secondhand smoke is especially harmful for your young children. Secondhand smoke is what you breathe when someone smokes around you. A child’s lungs are still developing. Breathing secondhand smoke makes your child’s lungs less able to fill completely with air.
      Children who are exposed to secondhand smoke are more likely to:
      • Get colds and other infections.
      • Have ear infections.
      • Develop asthma.
      • Have allergies.
      Protect Your Children From Tobacco Smoke :

      You should not smoke while you are pregnant.
      Ask your partner not to smoke around you while you are pregnant.
      Secondhand smoke is not good for you or your baby.
      You have a greater chance of having a baby who weighs too little.
      Your baby is also at risk for other health problems.
      Secondhand smoke is especially harmful for a newborn.
      Your baby has very small lungs and airways.
      The airways get smaller when your baby breathes air with smoke in it.
      Smoking can make it hard for the baby to breathe.
      A baby also has a higher chance of dying if a mother smokes while she is pregnant or if there are smokers in the home.

      Never Smoke Around Pregnant Women And Children :
      • Ask people not to smoke in your home. This includes baby-sitters, caregivers, friends and family.
      • Ask smokers to go outside while they smoke.
      • Don't smoke in your car.
      • Don't let others smoke in your car.
      • Make sure your child care, school and other places your children go are smoke-free.
      • Help people who are trying to quit smoking.
      What Is SIDS?

      SIDS is Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. SIDS is also known as “crib death.” Many babies die of SIDS every year.
      It is the sudden and unexplained death of a baby under one year of age.
      There is no way to tell when SIDS will happen.
      There is also no way to totally prevent SIDS but there are ways to reduce your child’s risk for SIDS.

      You Can Help Protect Your Baby From SIDS :

      Put your baby to sleep on his or her back.
      Your baby should always sleep on his or her back at night and for naps. Studies show that the risk of SIDS is lower when babies are put to sleep on their backs instead of their stomachs.
      Some parents worry their baby may choke or spit-up. Sleeping on the back does NOT cause choking.
      Some babies do not like to sleep on their backs at first. Most get used to it. This is the best way for your baby to sleep.
      Talk to your doctor or nurse if you have questions.
      Do not allow smoking around your baby.
      SIDS happens more often to babies who are around smokers.
      Do not smoke while you are pregnant.
      After your baby is born, make sure no one smokes around your baby.
      Smoke is not good for your baby. Babies who are around smoke have more colds and other illnesses.

      You Can Help Protect Your Baby From SIDS :

      Make sure your baby's bedding is safe.
      • Make sure that your baby sleeps on a firm mattress.
      • Don’t use fluffy blankets or comforters under your baby.
      • Dress your baby in a sleeper instead of using blankets.
      • Do not cover your baby's face or head with a blanket.
      • Don’t let your baby sleep on a waterbed, sheepskin, a pillow or other soft materials.
      • Don’t place things such as soft stuffed toys, pillows or bumper pads in the crib with your baby. Keep your baby warm, not hot.
      • Dress your baby with the same amount of clothing that you are wearing.
      • Keep your baby’s room warm so that it feels comfortable to you.
      Breastfeeding may reduce the risk of SIDS.
      • Breastfeeding your baby is the best choice.
      • Breastfed babies are healthier.
      Protect Your Child From Too Much Sun :

      Childhood sunburns can increase your child’s risk of developing skin cancer as an adult. Here are some tips for sun protection:
      • Keep infants out of the sun.
      • Cover up your child with tightly woven, loose fitting clothing.
      • You and your child should wear sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat.
      • Choose a stroller with a hood.
      • Use sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 15 or higher.
      • Apply to your child’s skin one-half hour before going outdoors.
      • Try to stay out of the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. when the sun rays are the strongest.
      • Find shade from trees, buildings and umbrellas.


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