Rickets is a disease of the bones and is due to the deficiency of Vitamin D. Most foods, including animal milk, are poor in Vitamin D, but if a child is eating well and is healthy,, his body can manufacture Vitamin D on exposure to sun.
It is important for children to remain outdoors as much as possible. When a small infant is put in the sun, his body should not be swathed with clothes. Breast milk has an adequate amount of this vitamin.
Rickets results in delayed sitting, crawling, walking and so on.
The legs become bowed and the ends of bones near the wrists and ankles become widened.
There may be beading on both sides of the chest, also called rickety rosary. There may be bowing of arms or legs due to weight-bearing while crawling or walking.
Most powdered milks are fortified with Vitamin D.
Multi- vitamin drops also have Vitamin D.
A daily dose of 400 units of Vitamin D should be given to the baby as a protectiv measure.
Treatment of rickets is with Vitamin D, and the dose will be determined by the doctor.
Vitamin D is stored in the body, and so indiscriminate administration should be avoided.
The number of muitivitamin drops should not exceed the prescribed ones.