Pneumonia is an acute inflammation of the lung.
It may be caused by bacteria or viruses.
It may follow a cold and bronchitis, or may come on suddenly.
It my also be a complication of measles or whooping cough.
The child looks ill, has fever, cough, and very rapid breathing.
Sometimes he may have pain in the chest.
An X-ray examination will confirm the presence of pneumonia.
A doctor should be consulted, and depending on the severity the child may be treated at home or admitted to a hospital.
If his breathing is very rapid, he may need oxygen.
Most pneumonias can be treated with antibiotics and the disease is not as dangerous as it used to be some years ago.
Pneumonia can be dangerous in a malnourished child, or in very young children, especially if it is due to an organism called staphylococcus.
Viral pneumonia cures gradually.
The child should be kept in bed, given plenty of fluids and a highly nourishing diet.