Constipation is due to inadequate food, inadequate fluid, or inadequate roughage.
In India there is undue concern about bowels, and if the child does not pass stools daily or at the same time every day, the parents urge him to go to the toilet again and again.
There are one or two congenital problems that might result in constipation.
You have to make sure that the child is getting enough food, drinking enough water and eating vegetables, salads, fruits, cereals and so on.
A baby fed mostly on cow or buffalo milk tends to get constipated.
Laxatives such as one teaspoon of milk of magnesia may have to be used occasionally, but are best avoided.
Sometimes a baby-size glycerin suppository introduced into the rectum will help.
Constipation can lead to a small tear in the anal passage.
This is very painful and may bleed.
The child does not want to pass stool because of the pain and holds on to it as long as he can, with the result that it gets even harder.
This can be easily treated and you should consult a doctor.