Health Centers
 loading...
if not loaded., try Site map to view all
 
 
 
 
bookmark | print this page | mail to friend | site map | help

Child Immunization

FONT SIZE

T T T

Vaccination and side effects

 

Vaccine Side Effects

A vaccine side effect can be defined as an adverse reaction to a vaccine.
Vaccines will have some side effects such as pain, redness, swelling, or a small lump at the site of injection.
These local side effects usually resolve in a few days, although lumps may take weeks or longer to resolve.

The vaccines may also have some general side effects like fever, headache, muscle aches and pains, or a rash - these side effects may be caused by the vaccine or may be symptoms of a coincidental illness (e.g. viral infection).

Rarely, the vaccine will cause a severe allergic reaction, which is called as anaphylaxis, that begins minutes after vaccination. This includes symptoms such as severe anxiety, hives (itchy skin rash), swelling of the lips and face, difficulty breathing, or collapse. The treatment for anaphylaxis is the immediate injection of adrenaline, which stops the allergic reaction.

If a vaccine side effect occurs following one of a series of vaccinations, then, unless the side effect was severe, the series of vaccinations should be completed. If you are concerned about completing a series of vaccinations after a vaccine side effect, then consult your immunisation provider.

To reduce pain from vaccinations

Give paracetamol do not exceed the recommended maximum dosage on the label. Doses of paracetamol should not usually be given less than 4 hours apart.

Place a cold, wet cloth over the injection site for pain, redness, or swelling. Note that some infants may not move a limb while the injection site is painful this will resolve as the pain disappears.

To reduce fever from vaccinations :

Give extra fluids (e.g. more breast feeds or water) to prevent dehydration.

Cool the child slowly by removing extra clothing or fanning. Bathing in cool water is not recommended because it may cause shivering, which can increase the core body temperature.
Give paracetamol. The following table summarises the side effects of the scheduled vaccines. Note that the side effects may vary with the age of the person.

  Abbreviation: Hib   Abbreviation: MCCV
Vaccine Side Effects
  Full name: Diphtheria-Tetanus-  Pertussis-Polio-
  Hepatitis B-Haemophilus influenzae   type b
  Abbreviation: DTPa-IPV-HepB-Hib
  Fever - about 1 child in 4
  Soreness, redness, lump at the injection site - about 1 child in 4
  Vomiting - about 1 child in 50
  Prolonged crying - about 1 child in 1,000
  Febrile seizure - about 1 child in 14,000
  High fever (over 400C) - about 1 child in 16,000
  Allergic reaction - less than 1 child in a million
  Full name: Diphtheria-Tetanus-  Pertussis-Polio-Hepatitis B
  Abbreviation: DTPa-IPV-HepB
  Same as above
  Full name: Diphtheria-Tetanus-  Pertussis-Polio
  Abbreviation: DTPa-IPV
  Fever, soreness, redness, lump at the injection site - about 1   child in 10
  Headache, vomiting - about 1 child in 20
  Full name: Adult Diphtheria-Tetanus-  Pertussis
  Abbreviation: dTpa
  Headache, fatigue about 1 child in 2
  Fever, soreness, lump at the injection site about 1 child in 10
  Full name: 7 valent Pneumococcal   Conjugate Vaccine
  Abbreviation: 7vPCV
  Fever, soreness, redness, lump
  at the injection site - about 1 child in 4
  Full name: Haemophilus influenzae
  type b
  Irritability about 1 child in 2
  Soreness, redness, lump at the injection site - about 1 child   in 4
  Fever - about 1 child in 7
  Vomiting, prolonged crying - about 1 child in 50
  Full name: Meningococcal C Conjugate   Vaccine   Headache about 1 older child or adult in 4
  Soreness, redness, lump at the injection site - about 1 child in   10
  Fever - about 1 child in 10
  Full name: Measles-Mumps-Rubella
  Abbreviation: MMR
  Fever 5-12 days after vaccination - about 1 child in 6
  Discomfort at the injection site - about 1 child in 10
  Non-infectious rash 5-12 days after vaccination - about 1 child   in 20
  Pain and stiffness in the joints - about 1 older child or adult in 4
  Febrile seizure - about 1 child in 3,000
  Thrombocytopaenia (low platelet count) - about 1 child in   30,000
  Allergic reaction - less than 1 child in a million
  Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) - about 1 child in 3   million
  Full name: Hepatitis A
  Abbreviation: HepA
  Fever - about 1 child in 10
  Soreness, redness, lump at the injection site - about 1 child in   20
  Rash - about 1 child in 100
  Full name: 23 valent Pneumococcal   Polysaccharide Vaccine
  Abbreviation: 23vPPV
  Soreness, redness, lump at the injection site - about 1 child in   4
  Fever, muscle pain - less than 1 child in 100
  Full name: Varicella (chickenpox)
  Abbreviation: VZV
  Soreness, redness, lump at the injection site - about 1 child in   5
  Fever - about 1 child in 10
  Rash - about 1 child in 20
  Febrile seizure about 1 child in 1,000
  Full name: Hepatitis B
  Abbreviation: HepB
  Soreness at the injection site about 1 child in 10
  Fever, dizziness, tiredness, sweating, muscle pain, insomnia,   earache - less than 1 child in 100
  Nausea, diarrhoea - less than 1 child in 200
  Full name: Adult Diphtheria-Tetanus
  Abbreviation: dT
  Soreness, redness, lump at the injection site about 1 person   in 5
  Brachial neuritis (nerve inflammation) about 1 person in   100,000
  Full name: Influenza   Soreness, redness, lump at the injection site about 1 person   in 10
  Guillain-Barre Syndrome (ascending paralysis) - about 1   person in 1 million

 


 
Your feedback?




 
 

Rate this page?
Good Average Poor



Rating accepted

Thanks for your note! Suggestion if any, will be taken up by the editor squad on a prority. We appreciate your gesture.
Hecapedia squad
Improve hecapedia - Join the squad


 
 
Nothing on this web site, in any way to be viewed as medical advice. All contents should be viewed as general information only.
All health care decisions should only be made with consultation from your physician.

About us | Link to us | Contact us | Associates | Media Center | Business services | Feedback | Report Bugs | Sitemap | Help
privacy policy | disclaimer | terms and conditions | accessibility | anti-spam policy
© 2006 hecapedia