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Ayurvedic Principles



Ayurvedic Principles - Conclusion


It is obvious that there is a very comprehensive theoretical framework for understanding various aspects of Food and Nutrition. A great deal of knowledge exists on the effects of - seasons, individual constitution etc. on food and digestion.

Special Features

The Ayurveda of Nutrition has some special features.They are :
(a) Viruddhaahaara or Incompatible foods.
(b) Paakashaasthra or an elaborately developed art and science of cookerry .
(c) Rithucharya or knowledge of effects of seasonal variations.
(d) Prakruthi or variations based on individual constitution .
(e) Pathyaapathyam or knowledge of prescribed and proscribed foods for various conditions .
(f) Upavaasa or fasting etc.

New Substances

It is possible to analyse any “new” substance, (i.e., a substance of recent origin or new in the sense of being unknown to our ancient Aachaaryaas who have compiled the nighantus etc) and assess its food value or medicinal properties based on the Panchamahaabootha Siddhaantha.

Custard :

The evaluation of substances and knowing their quality and actions (guna and karma) their mode of use and contra indications on the lines of Ayurvedic Pharmacology (Ayurvedic dravya guna shaasthra) has become a rare these days. Custard is a food substance that has its origin in the Western cuisine. This is generally taken as a dessert after meals and is chilled before use.But when used as sauce in hot puddings it is not chilled.
Ingredients :
2 parts of Buffalo’s milk.
1 part Maize/Corn flour.
1 part Sugar.
The above substances are all mixed well and one part of water is added and cooked on fire until the water has evaporated and it is cooled in a refrigerator.

Examination by the five Sense Organs:

I. Appearance - (i) Yellow (ii) Moist (iii) Viscous
II. Taste - Sweet
III. Smell - Pleasing/pleasant
IV. Texture - (i) Unctuous (ii) Cool (iii) Sticky (iv) Heavy (v) Soft.

Action on Doshas :

(1) Vaathanaashak :due to its sweet taste.
(2) Pitthanaashak: inadhurarasa and heetha veerya.
(3) Kaphavardhaka: due to their similarity in taste and guna.

Action on Dhaathus :

(1) Increase rasa dhaathu -due to similarity in quality.
(2) Purifies raktha-due to madhura rasa.
(3) Increases maamsa-madhura and guru.
(4) Increase medas -As it is jala and prithivi pradhaana.
(5) Shukravardhaka -madhura, snigdha and pleasant odour.

Action on Upadaathu :

Increases rajas and sthanyam (menstrual flow and breast milk) - as it is rasa vardhaka.

Action on Malas :

(1) Laxative (srushfa mutrakara) - as it is madhura .
(2) Diuretic (srushta malakara) - as it is madhura.

Other important uses :

(1) Abhishyandi - As it is sticky, heavy and is of a nature of rasa.
(2) Rakthaprasaadana - As it is madhura and sheethaveerya .
(3) Upalepakara - As it is sticky and soft (increase coat- ing).

Action on Diseases :

1.Useful in ushna teekshnaja symptoms and symptoms like daha (burning sensation) caused due to amlapittha.
2.Would give temporary relief by slowly sipping it in conditions of stomatitis as it is sticky, soft and cool.
3.The vaathaja, pitthaja and vaathapilthaja types of trish naroga can be controlled but in aamaja trishna, this is contra indicated as it is guru.
4. Useful as food in emaciated people;. however one should keep in mind that this substance is abhishyandi arid guru and so should not be used at nights and also not everyday.
5. In cases of constipation, it should be given before food (apaana kaala) or in between meals (samaana kaala) .
6. In patients having abdominal disorders due to vaatha it should be given only warm (and not chilled).
7. It is good as a bruhmana dravya for very lean people.
8. It can be used by vaatha and piuha prakruthi persons.
9. Useful in jaangala desha - dry areas.
10. Can be used in hemanta, sishira and greeshma rithus (early and late winter and summer).

Contraindicatiors :

It is contraindicated in the following :
Prathishyaya (rhinitis), kapha predominent shvaasa and kaasa, mandaagni, pravaahika (dysentry), athisaar (diarrhoea), grahani (sprue), hridroga, kaphaja shotha (oedema due to kapha), medoroga, muthraaghata (obstruction during malnutrition), dhamani prathichayam. Similarly a Vaidya can include or decide upon other contraindications based on its qualities and action; for example, (it is contra indicated) in marshy areas (anoopa desha), after intake of alcohols and with fruits. Taking in excess amounts (more than 6 tolas at a time) is also not advised.


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