Health Centers
if not loaded., try Site map to view all
bookmark | print this page | mail to friend | site map | help

Early sign and disorder identification





The human spine is the very important and unique skeletal structure. To the total height of the body, it makes up about two to fifths.
For an adult male, the spinal column measures about 28” in length and for the adult female it measures about 24” on an average.

The spine comprises seven cervical vertebrae, twelve thoracic vertebrae, five lumbar vertebrae, five sacral vertebrae and four coccygeal vertebrae. The five sacral vertebrae are fused into one bone called the sacrum and the coccygeal vertebrae are fused into one or two bones called the coccyx.

We can describe the spinal column as the strong flexible rod that can move anteriorly, laterally and also rotates. It encloses and protects the spinal cord, supports the head and serves as a point of attachment for the ribs and the muscles of the back. Between each vertebra are openings called interverteal foramina, through which pass the nerves that connect the spinal cord to various parts of the body. Between adjacent vertebrae, starting with the first vertebra in the neck and continuing to the sacrum, are fibrocartilaginous intervertebral discs.

These discs form strong joints and allow various movements of the vertebral column. They also absorb shock. Under compression they flatten, broaden and bulge from their intervertebral spaces.

From the spinal cord come thirty-one pairs of spinal nerves. They are :

  • Eight pairs of cervical nerves,
  • twelve pairs of thoracic nerves,
  • five pairs of lumbar nerves,
  • five pairs of sacral nerves and
  • one pair of coccygeal nerves.

  • The individual nerves which arise from certain regions of the spinal cord join together to form a plexus. Two plexuses are formed by the cervical nerves and one by the lumbar and sacral nerves. From these plexuses emerge individual peripheral nerves which serve different parts of the body. If there is a problem in a particular part of the body, it can be beneficial to work with the part of the spinal reflex which relates to the nerves that serve the problem area.

    Man is the only creature who stands and walks completely upright, carrying his spine in the vertical position. Most animals carry their spine in the horizontal position. The spine in man has been referred to as ‘Jacob’s ladder’ which we climb in order to reach higher states of consciousness.

    Esoteric science tells that the spinal column houses a threefold thread. In eastern terminology these are known as the ida, the pingala and the sushumna paths. These three paths of life are the channels for electric fire, solar fire and fire by friction and are related in their usage to the three stages of evolution. This is part of the philosophy taught in yoga.

    The kundalini fire which resides in the base chakra is the union of these three fires and will make its journey through the sushumna only when the seven main chakras or energy centres are open and a person is ready mentally, physically and spiritually. When this happens a human being is said to have reached the state of enlightenment or samadhi or nirvana.

    The spinal column and its esoteric counterpart, namely the sushumna, are primarily intended to be the channel through which the energizing of the chakras and the distribution of energy to the surrounding areas of the body takes place. Failure to do this causes energy imbalances and blockages which manifest as disease in the physical body.

    Another technique called as the metamorphic technique, bases its treatment on the spinal reflexes of the feet, hands and head. This divides the spinal reflex into six sections and they are :

  • The first section is found on the first and second phalanges of the big toe. This is prior to the spinal reflex and      represents pre-conception.
  • The second section is situated at the first cervical vertebra and stands for conception.
  • The third section extends from the first to the tenth thoracic vertebrae and is post-conception (1-22 weeks).
  • The fourth section, quickening (18—22 weeks), lies between the eighth and tenth thoracic vertebrae.
  • The fifth section, pre-birth (18—38 weeks), is found between the tenth thoracic vertebra and the coccyx, and
  • The sixth section, birth, is located at the coccyx.

  • Nerves connected to the spine :

    Nerve Innervation Related condition
        Cervical area          
        1st Cervical     Head, pituitary, scalp, brain, face, ear.     Head colds, headaches, amnesia, chronic tiredness, dizziness, muscle tension.
        2nd Cervical     Eyes, sinuses, tongue, forehead, mastoids.     Sinus trouble, allergies, ear and eye problems, fainting.
        3rd Cervical and 4th cervical     Cheek, teeth, ears.     Neuritis, eczema, acne, hay fever, catarrh, blocked eustachian tube.
        5th Cervical     Neck, glands, pharynx, heart.     Hoarseness, sore throat.
        6th Cervical     Neck and shoulder muscles, tonsils, heart tonsils, heart tonsils, heart tonsils, heart.     Bursitis, thyroid problems, colds.
        THORACIC AREA          
        1st Thoracic     Lower arms, wrists, hands and fingers, oesophagus and trachea, heart.     Asthma, coughs, breathing difficulties, pain below elbow & in arm.
        2nd Thoracic     Heart, coronary arteries.     Chest pain, heart conditions.
        3rd Thoracic     Lungs, bronchial tubes, pleura, chest, heart.     Pleurisy, pneumonia, gripe, bronchitis.
        4th Thoracic     Gall bladder, bile duct, heart.     Jaundice, gall bladder problems.
        5th Thoracic     Solar plexus, liver, heart.     Fever, low blood pressure, anaemia, arthritis, liver conditions.
        6th Thoracic     Stomach.     Indigestion, heart burn, stomach problems.
        7th Thoracic     Pancreas, duodenum.     Ulcers, diabetes, gastritis.
        8th Thoracic     Spleen, diaphragm.     Leukemia, hiccups.
        9th Thoracic     Adrenal glands.     Allergies, hives, hypertension.
        10th Thoracic     Kidneys.     Kidney problems, fatigue.
        11th Thoracic     Kidneys, ureter tubes.     Skin disorders, auto-intoxication.
        12th Thoracic     Lumbar small intestines, fallopian tubes, lymph, circulation.     Flatulence, rheumatism, lymphatic congestion.
        LUMSAR AREA          
        1st Lumbar     Colon, groin area.     Inflammation of colon, constipation, hernia, diarrhoea.
        2nd Lumbar     Abdomen, appendix, caecum, thighs.     Varicose veins, breathing difficulties.
        3rd Lumbar     Reproductive organs, bladder, knee.     Bladder trouble, menstruation & menopause problems, knee problems, impotency.
        4th Lumbar     Muscles of lower back, sciatic nerve, prostate.     Muscles of lower back, sciatic nerve, prostate.
        5th Lumbar     Lower legs, ankles, feet, toes, arches of feet.     Cold feet, weakness and poor circulation in legs, weak or swollen ankles, leg cramps.
        The Sacrum     Hip bone, buttocks.     Curvature of spine and sacroiliac problems.
        The Coccyx     Rectum and anus.     Haemorrhoids, pain at the end of the spine.


    Related articles

    Your feedback?


    Rate this page?
    Good Average Poor

    Rating accepted

    Thanks for your note! Suggestion if any, will be taken up by the editor squad on a prority. We appreciate your gesture.
    Hecapedia squad
    Improve hecapedia - Join the squad

    Nothing on this web site, in any way to be viewed as medical advice. All contents should be viewed as general information only.
    All health care decisions should only be made with consultation from your physician.

    About us | Link to us | Contact us | Associates | Media Center | Business services | Feedback | Report Bugs | Sitemap | Help
    privacy policy | disclaimer | terms and conditions | accessibility | anti-spam policy
    © 2006 hecapedia